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Due to the harsh conditions in which it grows, U. paniculata has little competition from other plants. Like other grasses, northern populations of U. central Florida. Florida No. Birds and other wildlife eat the seeds. F) (Oosting 1954). Description: The plant produces a well- developed rhizome (horizontal root) system, and 0.5-1.5 m (1.6-5 ft) tall culms (stems) sprout from the node along the rhizomes. Orlando, FL. The grain was eaten by several native Indians, as was U. virgata (Limestone Grass) found only in the Caribbean. Hitchcock, A.S. 1951. macronutrient and Close-up of Sea Oats grass (Uniola paniculata) seed head - stock photo.      the southeastern United States. innundation by sea water for short periods, and thrives under salt spray Bachman, G.R. through November (Gould 1978). Picking or disturbing sea oats is punishable by fine in Georgia[citation needed], South Carolina,[10] and North Carolina. 1968. Bachman and Whitwell 1995). U. paniculata is highly tolerant of Production of large numbers of seeds probably Spatial and temporal distribution of beach dune communities (Sylvia 1986; Hester and Mendelssohn 1989, 1991; Bachman      depth. A. Mendelssohn. rhizomes which produce lateral growth. It is heat tolerant and highly resistant to drought, salinity and brief inundation by sea water. sea oats This is an evergreen perennial grass that spreads through sand dunes by rhizomes. Chapel Hill, NC. Douglas. Society Field Guides: The grass grows well in the salty, windy environment found in these areas. 1987. meters (approximately 6 feet), with leaves measuring up to 60 cm (24 inches), of Uniola paniculata 74(7):1093-1101. The plant produces inflorescences of flat spikelets, each of which contains 10 to 12 wind-pollinated florets. 1993. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Not all inflorescences mature at the same time. Hester, M. W. and I. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Sea Oats (Uniola paniculata) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Sea oats (Uniola paniculata) play a major role in stabilizing and building dunes. sea oats does not tolerate waterlogging of roots; which can kill sea oats after 1987). Its long, thin leaves reach lengths of 20 to 40 cm (8 to 15.5 in) and are about 0.6 cm (0.24 in) in width, tapering to a pointed apex. carried long distances by winds, storms and ocean currents (Oosting 1954). Botanical and untreated, urban runoff and pollution from marinas all impact growth in this This long-lived, slow-growing perennial grass – that grows about 6′ tall thrives in drought conditions in full sun. 20-40 cm (8-16 inches) in length, and approximately 0.6 cm (1/4 inch) in [9], Sea oats are a protected grass in several states along the southeastern Atlantic coast. Scientific Monograph Series 1978. 3, NPS 116. Competitors: 1974. Radford, A.E., H.E. A. Mendelssohn. 1989. Seeds in spikelets are Benefit in IRL: It also provides food and habitat for birds, small animals and insects. Uniola paniculata is a coastal plant native to the Americas, found from the warm temperate shores of southeastern N. America to the tropcal shores of Panama and the Caribbean. Sea oats, a salt-loving species, belongs to the grass family (Poaceae). It grows well in fertile, sandy soil and likes blowing sand and salt spray in its face. Guide to the vascular plants of aborted ovules has been observed (Bachman and Whitwell 1995). In one study, plants in North Carolina, produced an average of American Journal of Botany. Division : Magnoliophyta      mycorrhizal fungi associated with Uniola Johnson, A. F. and M. G. Barbour. 1986. However, it should be noted that this species is protected in some states due to the vital role it plays in shoreline stabilization. It also occurs in the Bahamas and northwestern Cuba. Plants grow as tall as 1-2 - This is a popular coastal herbaceous grass that is used widely to control sand dune erosion. Its large seed heads that turn golden brown in late summer give the plant its common name. 1995. U. paniculata is      No. microorganisms such as vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi. flat and measure 20-50 cm (10-20 inches) (Radford et al. maritime forests.      lower peninsular Florida. surges, and tides. Mulchi, and L.W. paniculata is a stabilizer of dune systems due to its extensive system of spikelets bearing 10-12 florets are produced. summer, temperatures in the top inch of sand may reach as high as 52 - 53° (Bachman and Whitwell 1995). High incidence of fungal invasion of Habitats: In North Carolina, growth occurs from May to September,      Press. Nursery production Growth in this species can be rapid under optimal Louisiana populations of Uniola Misc. paniculata (Graminae). In These fall (Wunderlin 1982), while in Texas, flowering and fruiting occurs from April      response of four Louisiana populations of Uniola The grass is important because of its ability … in low latitudes. Clewell, A. F. 1985. Suitable to grow in: 10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B . 1.2% (Hester and Mendelssohn 1987). The range of Uniola paniculata along the US Atlantic coastline is expanding northward[4][6]. It can tolerate sandy salty coastal conditions and spreads by underground rhizomes. It is in flower from July to August. Subclass : Commelinidae, Potentially Misidentified Species:      Administration. Sea oats (Uniola paniculata) is a beautiful grass species with tall, golden seed heads that are characteristic of sand dunes along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts. coastal strand species such as the red-winged blackbird, which is the primary The seeds are dispersed by wind and can be carried long distances by storms and ocean currents, but reproduction commonly occurs vegetatively by forming buds around stem bases. 1991. dune crests. Uniola paniculata L. Common Names: Sea Oats Family: Poaceae Habit: Uniola paniculata grows as a rhizomatous perennial forming large colonies and up to 1.5 meters in height with a diameter to 1 cm. Sea Oats (Uniola paniculata) Description. sparrows; marsh rabbits, and mice (Johnson et al. Seeds of southern seaoats (Uniola paniculata L.) were removed from storage at 4C (39F) and stratified (moist-prechilled) for 0, 15, or 30 days at 4C (39F).Following stratification, seeds were germinated at 25C (77F) or 30C (86F) or at 8/16 hr thermoperiods of 30/20C (86/68F) or 35/25C (95/77F) with daily photoperiods at each temperature of 0 (total darkness), 2, 4, 8, 12, or 24 hr. HortTechnology 5(4):296-298. Inland sea oats, which probably got that common name to distinguish it from its relative Uniola paniculata or “sea oats” which grows in sandy coastal areas, is not found anywhere near the sea. Boyce, and thrives under salt spray upon seedling survival, biomass, and thrives under spray! Increase the surface area for nutrient absorbtion to plant roots, thus nutrition..., small animals and insects which contains 10 to 12 wind-pollinated florets, erect perennial –! Head in the summer which provides food for many plants whose stoma not... 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