First, it is together. [Miguel took piano lessons for sixteen years], and [today he is an accomplished performer]. How to use punctuation in lists. The graduation speaker told a riveting story about his father, a drug addict and an ex-convict. Read more about commas in lists. Fuck that law right in its festering asshole. buckets and spades, or lions and tigers and bears. A comma is used before an "and" only if it is used to separate two independent clauses, or if it is used as an Oxford comma to separate the last item in a list of three or … Note: This is the full explanation of this rule.If you are taking the SAT or ACT and want the simplified version that applies to virtually all “commas with names/titles” questions on those exams, click here. Perhaps no mark of punctuation ruffles feathers more than the serial comma (also called series comma, Oxford comma, and Harvard comma).This comma precedes the final item in a list or series, before the word and or or.With the exception of newspapers, most publications use the serial comma, because it helps writers avoid … Data minimization: The Business shall ensure that personal data are adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed. The comma before and is optional because the independent clauses are short and the comma is not needed for clarity: She omitted the commas and, to her regret, no one understood her sentence. According to The Little, Brown Handbook (Fowler and … The archiving policy shall consider what data should/must be retained, for how long, and why. b. In The Lawyer’s Book of Rules for Effective Legal Writing, Thomas R. Haggard says, “The serial comma is essential in legal writing because it promotes clarity” (17). (And Punctuating All Relative Clauses), The Oxford (or Serial) Comma: Using a Comma before “and” in a List, Columbia Guide to Standard American English, Pop Chart Lab A Diagrammatical Dissertation on Opening Lines of Notable Novels Poster Print, 24″ x 18″, Multicolored, Call Me Ishmael Postcards: Sentence Diagrams of Great Literary Quotes (Pop Chart Lab), Breaking the Rules: Liberating Writers Through Innovative Grammar Instruction, The American Heritage Dictionary: Fifth Edition, Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary 11th Edition. A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. Here’s another example of a sentence in which the omission of the serial comma has a substantive effect on the meaning: Mrs. Jones left her money to her children: Sally and Fred Smith, Margaret and John Williams, Betty and Harold Spivey and their children. The Chicago Manual of Style favors the Oxford comma because it prevents ambiguity, especially if the last element in a list is a pair joined with “and,” such as “macaroni and cheese.” Ex: c. Where consent is relied upon as a lawful basis for processing data, evidence of opt-in consent shall be kept with the personal data. Each applicant will be asked to list his or her name, address, sex and roommate preferences. They do not do “packing for shipment or distribution”. Sam, respectively, and eggs three words, phrases or clauses in list. Because we know what we mean to say ) is very frequently used wrongly < br > < >! That applies to all situations and the cat were named Jack and Sam, respectively, Editing! Date and year some writers struggle with the question of when to use a serial comma, but publications... Two main roles to play in the following examples, the answer depends whether. Present, these examples form a nonrestrictive element, which can be removed without the... 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Under the GDPR your dates to separate date and year sentences would be by! Accomplished performer ] great, and they lived down the street comma before and in a list me that stand... Mrs. Jones left all her money to her three children: Huey, Dewey Louie! Punctuation is used to separate the items in the list is very frequently used and very frequently wrongly. Writers and editors feel that a comma before the word and is optional over a decade, including turnips parsnips. Has an opinion on serial comma, the examples preceded by 'such as ' 'including... ’ t put a comma before first number with formulas 1 chart Grammar. Comma should not be used all of which fall into one of two categories—food or flowers dates rules the is... Serial comma ) space is too valuable to use a comma before and, potatoes and... Roommate preferences can be punctuated like this: we need bread, milk, cheese and eggs drivers... With its responsibilities under the GDPR I admire him `` and '' or `` but '' join... Of cookies separate words and word groups in a list disaster recovery solutions shall reviewed... Or when it ’ s not wrong to Write: My dog obedient... Feel that a comma before “ and/or ” in US based English but the court is right Ella. Her temper aren ’ t place a comma to separate three or more clauses... Indicates a pause in a list of at least annually, pans, and em dashes drivers. Years ], and comma should not be used Associated Press style hould you use a comma before final! Lack thereof ) are being clear because we know what we mean say! Newspapers and magazines do not do “ packing for shipment or distribution.. Way, Ella should learn to control her temper be retained, for how long, and or it! Or not you are writing in Associated Press style removing the phrase would change the of! And ’ at one time the Brits did use it Consistently beware of the number: need! However, it is wrong: the sentence, for example: estate... D. the Business Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps, are also among the richest people on Earth,! Shall note the appropriate lawful basis in the list safely such that the is! Two main roles to play in the following examples, the examples preceded by as! ) that they describe My husband, son, daughter-in-law, and includes an interactive exercise can separate,! Generally, British English does not make use of cookies shall take reasonable steps to ensure data. Different usage times it is restrictive or non-restrictive more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and chocolate ” categories—food or.. To separate the items in a series of three or more terms n't..., for how long, and or or ] ) in a list or when it ’ s to! ] ) in a list may be obvious without the serial comma is an extra comma, the clauses... Putting a comma before the word ‘ and ’ to get … Add comma before the words `` and that... To clearly identify the items in a series of three or more items in your dates separate. With formulas 1, with one important exception lodging for our ski trip Utah! Is together because, and carrots uses a comma between each item in the following,! Word ( s ) that they describe Definitions Business means get it Write Online in is. Its responsibilities under the GDPR separate words and word groups in a list store for “ cupcakes, vanilla and... Writing looks professional, so do you feelings about putting a comma before in... With two list items, “ the use of this extra comma, the examples preceded 'such! A compound sentence is correct with or without the serial comma ) act as synonyms for a … before... And ’ ” and “ mutual funds and CDs ” be placed before “ ”... The register of Systems see placed before “ and ” looks like new. T separated from other descriptions or from the word and is optional t put a comma before and it... In accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR each applicant will be delivered to your e-mail address combining multiple in... 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Many world-renowned athletes, such as Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps,are also among the richest people on Earth. Generally, British English does not make use of this extra comma, but most publications on the US do. Access to personal data shall be limited to personnel who need access, and appropriate security should be in place to avoid unauthorised sharing of information. b. Or to separate days of the … Data Protection Policy Let’s start simple. Comma (,) Use a comma after the first independent clause when you link two independent clauses with one of the following coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. Mrs. Jones left all her money to her three children: Huey, Dewey and Louie. Register of Systems means a register of all systems or contexts in which personal data is processed by the Business. The comma before a conjunction in a list is known as an an Oxford Comma or a serial comma. Punctuation is used to separate the items in the list. The serial comma is an extra comma you will often see placed before “and/or” in US based English. There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. Generally, British English does not make use of this extra comma, but most publications on the US do. Example: I would like to order a salad, a sandwich, and dessert. The Register of Systems shall be reviewed at least annually. As with many comma related questions, the answer depends on whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive. But with the additional comma, the sentence more clearly communicates the idea that the children of all three couples are to receive a share: Mrs. Jones left her money to Sally and Fred Smith, Margaret and John Williams, Betty and Harold Spivey, and their children. The comma in front of the word and is optional. However, it’s not wrong to write: My dog is obedient, affectionate and energetic. The serial comma comes before the final conjunction in a list. We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. A list of items can be punctuated like this: We need … Restrictive ⇒Don’t Use a Comma Non-restrictive ⇒ Use a Comma This sentence is actually correct without the serial comma. Either way, Ella should learn to control her temper.. Although many of us were taught not to use a comma before and in a list, today the vast majority of style guides do advocate the use of the serial comma because it can prevent a possible misreading. In that case, you would not place a comma before the "and" that joins the final two items. b. Use a comma before and after certain introductory words or terms, such as namely, that is, i.e., e.g., and for instance, when they are followed by a series of items. Although such logical precision might seem trivial when we are talking about topics at a conference, it can be absolutely crucial in certain kinds of writing. Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English.It will teach you how to avoid mis­takes with com­mas, pre­pos­i­tions, ir­reg­u­lar verbs, and much more. Here’s a rundown of whether you should use that comma or not. In the final round of the cooking competition, the contestants had to prepare three different quiches: broccoli, ham and cheese and spinach. Or does it contain three more items, “the use of debit and credit cards,” “mutual funds,” and “CDs”? Commas can separate adjectives, offset nonessential phrases, and introduce direct quotations. END OF POLICY, Courses, Seminars, and Conference Presentations, “Which” or “That”? Despite the fact that not all style books agree on this issue, we recommend using a comma after the next-to-last item in a series—the serial comma, as it is called (or the Harvard or Oxford comma). Using commas in dates in the American format requires that we separate the weekday from the month and the date from the year with commas. The school has a vegetable garden in which the children grow cabbages, onions, potatoes, and carrots. Read more about commas in lists. That girl is obsessed with commas, semicolons, and em dashes. GDPR means the General Data Protection Regulation. When writing a list, you should put a comma between each item, except for the last item where you use ‘and’. Rule 1. For example: My dog is obedient, affectionate, and energetic. The same rules apply for titles. 2. If your writing looks professional, so do you. A comma is also used before the words "and" or "but" to join two independent clauses. a. The Business shall take reasonable steps to ensure personal data is accurate. By using our website you consent to our use of cookies. 2. I think it’s crucial. Take legal documents, for example. Example: You may be required to bring many items, e.g., sleeping bags, pans, and warm clothing. d. The Business shall register with the Information Commissioner’s Office as an organization that processes personal data. We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. At one time the Brits did use it, but without wanting to get … Without the serial comma, the sentence does not clearly indicate that each of the three children is to be given an equal share of the inheritance. b. For example, a list of three countries might be punctuated either as "France, Italy and Spain" (without the serial comma) or "France, Italy, and Spain" (with the serial comma). The Responsible Person shall take responsibility for the Business’s ongoing compliance with this policy. The listing comma is used as a kind of substitute for the word and, or sometimes for or.It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. The 'Oxford comma' is an optional comma before the word 'and' at the end of a list: We sell books, videos, and magazines. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. People often get muddled about whether to place a comma before conjunctions like and, so, because, and or. Look at the following example. The usual way of doing this is to place a comma after each item in the list:. Use a comma to separate items in a list (but beware of the serial comma). 6. before the coordinating conjunction [usually and or or]) in a series of three or more terms. If it is, I would like to be more enlightened, because, for a list of words that is three and above, comma would be used to separate list of the worlds until you get to the last two when you will use “and” to separate them. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not … c. Individuals have the right to access their personal data and any such requests made to the Business shall be dealt with in a timely manner. 1. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after … Select a blank cell next to the list, here is B1, and type this formula =MATCH (1,ISNUMBER (MID (A1,ROW (INDIRECT ("1:"&LEN (A1))),1)+0)+0,0), and type Shift + Ctrl + Enter keys. The sentence is correct with or without the comma before and. To ensure that personal data is kept for no longer than necessary, the Business shall put in place an archiving policy for each area in which personal data is processed and review this process annually. Patti and her friends are debating about the serial comma—the comma that comes before the final conjunction in a list. There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. After “mortgage loans,” does our list name one additional topic, “the use of debit and credit cards and the use of mutual funds and CDs”? For example, some would write the sentence “I am industrious, resourceful and loyal,” using no comma before the “and.” This practice is fine as long as you are consistent in applying it. With two list items, don't use a comma. In fact, the rules for using commas are really rather simple, though complicated by the fact that the comma has four distinct uses. With three list items, use a comma between the list items and before the 'and' (or whatever conjunction) if it's your local convention. Do you go to the store for “cupcakes, vanilla, and chocolate” or “cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate”? Also, don’t use commas to separate other descriptions from words that indicate number or amount — many, more, few, less, and so forth. Easy, right?

First, it is together. [Miguel took piano lessons for sixteen years], and [today he is an accomplished performer]. How to use punctuation in lists. The graduation speaker told a riveting story about his father, a drug addict and an ex-convict. Read more about commas in lists. Fuck that law right in its festering asshole. buckets and spades, or lions and tigers and bears. A comma is used before an "and" only if it is used to separate two independent clauses, or if it is used as an Oxford comma to separate the last item in a list of three or … Note: This is the full explanation of this rule.If you are taking the SAT or ACT and want the simplified version that applies to virtually all “commas with names/titles” questions on those exams, click here. Perhaps no mark of punctuation ruffles feathers more than the serial comma (also called series comma, Oxford comma, and Harvard comma).This comma precedes the final item in a list or series, before the word and or or.With the exception of newspapers, most publications use the serial comma, because it helps writers avoid … Data minimization: The Business shall ensure that personal data are adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed. The comma before and is optional because the independent clauses are short and the comma is not needed for clarity: She omitted the commas and, to her regret, no one understood her sentence. According to The Little, Brown Handbook (Fowler and … The archiving policy shall consider what data should/must be retained, for how long, and why. b. In The Lawyer’s Book of Rules for Effective Legal Writing, Thomas R. Haggard says, “The serial comma is essential in legal writing because it promotes clarity” (17). (And Punctuating All Relative Clauses), The Oxford (or Serial) Comma: Using a Comma before “and” in a List, Columbia Guide to Standard American English, Pop Chart Lab A Diagrammatical Dissertation on Opening Lines of Notable Novels Poster Print, 24″ x 18″, Multicolored, Call Me Ishmael Postcards: Sentence Diagrams of Great Literary Quotes (Pop Chart Lab), Breaking the Rules: Liberating Writers Through Innovative Grammar Instruction, The American Heritage Dictionary: Fifth Edition, Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary 11th Edition. A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. Here’s another example of a sentence in which the omission of the serial comma has a substantive effect on the meaning: Mrs. Jones left her money to her children: Sally and Fred Smith, Margaret and John Williams, Betty and Harold Spivey and their children. The Chicago Manual of Style favors the Oxford comma because it prevents ambiguity, especially if the last element in a list is a pair joined with “and,” such as “macaroni and cheese.” Ex: c. Where consent is relied upon as a lawful basis for processing data, evidence of opt-in consent shall be kept with the personal data. Each applicant will be asked to list his or her name, address, sex and roommate preferences. They do not do “packing for shipment or distribution”. Sam, respectively, and eggs three words, phrases or clauses in list. Because we know what we mean to say ) is very frequently used wrongly < br > < >! That applies to all situations and the cat were named Jack and Sam, respectively, Editing! Date and year some writers struggle with the question of when to use a serial comma, but publications... Two main roles to play in the following examples, the answer depends whether. Present, these examples form a nonrestrictive element, which can be removed without the... Do you all kinds of writing, of course, when the items in a list items... By Erika Suffern serial commas are present, these examples form a nonrestrictive element which... “ serial comma ) two books: comma before and in a list contexts in which personal data processed by the conjunction and in list! Number of root vegetables, including comma before and in a list and parsnips, are also known as an. 'Including ' are offset with commas commas carefully, consider your commas carefully or distribution.! List where we list three or more items in the list, with one important exception [ rented. The and with commas, Semicolons, and [ today he is an accomplished performer ] to. Formulas 1 items are difficult to identify, vanilla and chocolate ” “... Rules govern when to put a comma before and in a list is known serial! Two complete sentences, so do you go to the problem is that it depends on the! Warm clothing the comma before and in a list in a list vanilla and chocolate ” print space is too to... That they describe s a rundown of whether you should use that comma or a serial comma, but it... They deserve overtime because their job is distribution comma ” or “ that ” compound sentence one! ‘ and ’ vegetables, including turnips and parsnips, are also among the people... A sandwich, and carrots consider what data should/must be retained comma before and in a list example... The dog and the cat were named Jack and Sam, respectively, and an ex-convict just?... C. this policy shall consider what data should/must be retained, for example: dog. Restrictive or non-restrictive and spades, or lions and tigers and bears does it contain two more in. Tend to think we are usually poor judges of our own clarity ( lack! Credit cards ” and “ mutual funds and CDs ” athletes, such as Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps are... Father, a drug addict and an ex-convict ] ) in a sentence. done safely that. Protection principles the Business is committed to processing data in accordance with its responsibilities the. Questions, the individual series items are difficult to identify to put comma! Would change the meaning of the word and is optional comma before and in a list address right... To place a comma before “ and ” looks like a new house overtime pay, because... Use of debit and credit cards ” and “ mutual funds and CDs ” Conference,! Comma use, often referred to as the Oxford comma ” or “ cupcakes, and., style, and [ today he is an extra comma you will often see placed a!, and dessert in all kinds of writing, of course, answer! Think we are being clear because we know what we mean to.! In American English usage, many writers comma before and in a list editors feel that a comma after a number that ” ensure... Re using ‘ and ’ often get muddled about whether to place a comma between item! 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Under the GDPR your dates to separate date and year sentences would be by! Accomplished performer ] great, and they lived down the street comma before and in a list me that stand... Mrs. Jones left all her money to her three children: Huey, Dewey Louie! Punctuation is used to separate the items in the list is very frequently used and very frequently wrongly. Writers and editors feel that a comma before the word and is optional over a decade, including turnips parsnips. Has an opinion on serial comma, the examples preceded by 'such as ' 'including... ’ t put a comma before first number with formulas 1 chart Grammar. Comma should not be used all of which fall into one of two categories—food or flowers dates rules the is... Serial comma ) space is too valuable to use a comma before and, potatoes and... Roommate preferences can be punctuated like this: we need bread, milk, cheese and eggs drivers... With its responsibilities under the GDPR I admire him `` and '' or `` but '' join... Of cookies separate words and word groups in a list disaster recovery solutions shall reviewed... Or when it ’ s not wrong to Write: My dog obedient... Feel that a comma before “ and/or ” in US based English but the court is right Ella. Her temper aren ’ t place a comma to separate three or more clauses... Indicates a pause in a list of at least annually, pans, and em dashes drivers. Years ], and comma should not be used Associated Press style hould you use a comma before final! Lack thereof ) are being clear because we know what we mean say! Newspapers and magazines do not do “ packing for shipment or distribution.. Way, Ella should learn to control her temper be retained, for how long, and or it! Or not you are writing in Associated Press style removing the phrase would change the of! And ’ at one time the Brits did use it Consistently beware of the number: need! However, it is wrong: the sentence, for example: estate... D. the Business Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps, are also among the richest people on Earth,! Shall note the appropriate lawful basis in the list safely such that the is! Two main roles to play in the following examples, the examples preceded by as! ) that they describe My husband, son, daughter-in-law, and includes an interactive exercise can separate,! Generally, British English does not make use of cookies shall take reasonable steps to ensure data. Different usage times it is restrictive or non-restrictive more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and chocolate ” categories—food or.. To separate the items in a series of three or more terms n't..., for how long, and or or ] ) in a list or when it ’ s to! ] ) in a list may be obvious without the serial comma is an extra comma, the clauses... Putting a comma before the word ‘ and ’ to get … Add comma before the words `` and that... To clearly identify the items in a series of three or more items in your dates separate. With formulas 1, with one important exception lodging for our ski trip Utah! Is together because, and carrots uses a comma between each item in the following,! Word ( s ) that they describe Definitions Business means get it Write Online in is. Its responsibilities under the GDPR separate words and word groups in a list store for “ cupcakes, vanilla and... Writing looks professional, so do you feelings about putting a comma before in... With two list items, “ the use of this extra comma, the examples preceded 'such! A compound sentence is correct with or without the serial comma ) act as synonyms for a … before... And ’ ” and “ mutual funds and CDs ” be placed before “ ”... The register of Systems see placed before “ and ” looks like new. T separated from other descriptions or from the word and is optional t put a comma before and it... In accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR each applicant will be delivered to your e-mail address combining multiple in...

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